Tag Archives: discourse particles in latin

Best book I read this year?

A friend posted an article on Facebook from the New York Times where the 15 Bookend columnists shared the best books, new or old, they’d read this year. ‘But who are these people?’ he wondered. ‘What about friends whose opinions I actually care about?’

I was thus tagged.

Pulled out the list of fun books. Scanned it. Dracula? Frankenstein? Some souvenir guidebook to a place I’d been? The Day of the Triffids? Well, it had to be —

Paradise Lost, by John Milton. Why? Because it’s basically pure awesome. Once you get into it, that book swallows you whole and sends you on a journey through heaven, hell, and Eden bouncing along in English blank verse never wanting to do anything else. Here’s my ‘epic review’.

But then, the work list. Shorter. Less fun, although often great and profound and whatnot. A quick glance leaves me without a question —

City of God, by St Augustine of Hippo. It, too, is basically pure awesome. So much depth of thought and intricacy and bewildering everything in that book. Here’s my initial thoughts review.

But what about all those other books?

I had to mention The Gods Themselves by Isaac Asimov. Here’s a book that runs on a concept I’d never heard of before — the idea of generating energy by transferring particles between parallel universes. And, as always, the story was interesting and the characters captivating.

After Asimov, Masterharper of Pern by Anne McCaffrey. Maybe not actually the best Pern book I read this year, since this year I reread Dragonflight. But it is a very good book with a compellling tale and the most captivating of all Pernese characters as its protagonist — Masterharper Robinton.

Finally, Discourse Particles in Latin by Caroline Kroon. This is not a book one recommends to friends, I admit. But it was thorough, well-researched, clearly set out, and it has had an impact on the way I read Latin. An important book, to say the least. My review of it here.

In the end, since I read so much, this was an impossible task.

What was the ‘best’ book you read this year?

The long-awaited review of Discourse Particles in Latin

Discourse particles in Latin : a study of nam, enim, autem, vero, and atDiscourse particles in Latin : a study of nam, enim, autem, vero, and at by Caroline Kroon

My rating: 5 of 5 stars

A brief discourse on this particularly useful book:

Kroon begins her discussion of nam, enim, autem, vero, and at with a discussion of discourse pragmatics and linguistiics, taking as her starting point for analysis not the clause but the acts and moves within linguistic discourse. Chapters 1-3 set out the discussion of discourse pragmatics and particles, evaluating different theories of approach; these I found to be very dense, and took a brief glance through a linguistics textbook to prep my brain to work through it. Nevertheless, it got easier to read the more I progressed.

Chapters 4 and 5 build on the first three chapters to produce Kroon’s methodology for analysing Latin particles — hers is a bottom-up approach that seeks to locate each particle within a simple meaning and minimal number of uses based upon both semantics and pragmatics.

Finally, chapters 6-12 discuss the various particles under discussion with extensive reference to discourse pragmatics and copious examples from Latin prose literature (and comedy — is that prose or poetry?) from Plautus to Tacitus. Her approach helpfully reduces the number of meanings for some of these particles while at the same time demonstrating how alleged synonyms often differ greatly in their actual function in the text. She progresses through the particles from least challengeable discuss to most — that is, her discussion of enim presents a greater challenge to traditional grammars than that of nam, and the final three progress from autem to vero to at.

This book is extraordinarily useful. While working through it, each of the particles under discussion began popping out at me in my own reading of Late Latin epistolography, and I was able to see the discourse function of these particles in the way Kroon describes them. My thinking about language has become more precise at large, and in my approach to Latin especially.

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